Using anti-foam in amine sweeting process

Any liquid will produce froth or foam if gas is introduced into the liquid faster than the two phases disengage. The “disengagement”, or “break time” differentiates froths from foams in amine treating processes. (more…)

Diatomaceous Earth

Diatomaceous earth is made from the fossilized remains of tiny, aquatic organisms called diatoms. Their skeletons are made of a natural substance called silica. (more…)

Activated Carbon

Adsorptionis understood as the accumulation of gaseous components, or solutes dissolved in liquids, on to the surface of solids. Adsorption is primarily a physical process, i.e. substances deposited on the solid do not undergo any chemical reaction with the adsorbent. (more…)

Base Oils and Lubricant

The most important function of lubricants is the reduction of friction and wear and in some cases, the relative movement of two bearing surfaces is only possible if a lubricant is present. (more…)


Extraction of crude from underground resources often results in the formation of stable water-in-oil emulsions. High amounts of water, salt, and other solids in crude oil, it is necessary to separate these materials from crude oil, (more…)

Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid was first discovered by Jabben Hayan. He obtained this acid by distilling minerals from iron sulfate and copper (II) sulfate. (more…)

Sodium hydroxide

Liquid sodium hydroxide is colorless and odorless. It can react violently with strong acids and with water.  (more…)