The name of barite is derived from the Greek word bartys meaning heavy, which is an industrial mineral and is widely used in industry. Due to its high specific gravity, this mineral has been used in exploratory excavations since the 1930s.

The main characteristic of this mineral is its high specific gravity of 4.5 grams per cubic centimeter, which is very heavy compared to other non-metallic materials.

If barite is completely pure, it is colorless and transparent, but pure barite is rarely found, and in most cases, the presence of impurities in barite causes various colors in it.

For example, in the presence of iron, it is red and in the presence of iron hydroxide, it causes a yellow or brown color in this mineral. In addition, the presence of organic matter makes it dark to black in color.


Molecular mass233.4 g/mol
Solubilitysoluble in water


  • In deep drilling for oil and gas
  • In the preparation of barium containing chemicals
  • In the paint industry, plastic, paper and rubber as a filler
  • Cement industries
  • Barite in crushed form as coating, rubber coating, fluidizer and in the glass industry


An important characteristic of barite is that it is very heavy compared to other non-metallic materials. And because of its heavy weight, it is usually not economical to transport it for long distances by truck and train, and also because of the wide dispersion of this material, its extraction is usually subject to environmental conditions rather than geological conditions. Barite is packed in jumbo bags  or 15 kg plastic bag.

Other Names

  • Heavy Spar material

Chemical Formula

  • BaSO4

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